What Is Anxiety

What is Anxiety?


You can better understand the nature of anxiety by looking both at what it is and what it is not. Anxiety should be distinguished from fear and everyday worry. Fear is usually directed toward something concrete and possible such as failing an exam, not meeting a deadline, being rejected by someone, or losing a job. When you experience anxiety on the other hand, you often can’t specify what it is you’re anxious about. The focus of anxiety is more internal than external. It seems to be a response to vague, distant, or even unrecognized threat, which leads to thinking and feeling that “something bad is going to happen” and that “I am going to lose control of myself or some situation”. 


Anxiety affects your whole being. It is a physiological, behavioral, and psychological reaction all at once.


On the physiological level, it may include bodily reaction such as shortness of breath, dry mouth, heart palpitation (rapid or irregular heartbeat), trembling or shaking, sweating, chocking, nausea, abdominal distress, dizziness or unsteadiness, and hot flash or chill. 


Psychologically, when you are anxious, you feel apprehensive and overwhelmed, and may experience fear of dying, “going crazy”, or out of control.  


On the behavioral level, it can sabotage your ability to act, express yourself, or deal effectively with certain everyday situations.